Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated forms of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain and also the Western world as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great lots of Some others from your Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years ago, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from gentle cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt Click here flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many versions in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Typically worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume major around shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps today refer to Ladies's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.