Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Extra generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable zenske pidzame that we English took the pattern just like a excellent numerous Many others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Traditional pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made from tender material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals opt to snooze or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, intended to enable the pidzame wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really fairly exceptional.
Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in design and style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Generally worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've got often involved the latter to be a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a type of quick gown prime about shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well now check with zenske pidzame women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.